Early Learning & Educational Milestones For Preschoolers
4-Year Old’s Cognitive Development.
At this stage, a preschooler or 4-year-old’s thinking and learning skills are in full bloom. Any activity can hold their attention for 10-15 minutes, and by this time they have developed the ability to remember many things, like parts from their favorite stories. A 4-year old enjoys pretending and have vivid imaginations. They invent things like princesses and monsters. By four, a child can understand concepts like big or little, tall or short. They are able to correctly name some colors, in most cases it would be red, blue and yellow. They understand the concept of counting and is able to count out five objects, and may recognize some numbers. A Preschooler is capable of following three instructions given at the same time such as, “put your toys away now, wash your hands, and sit down to eat.”Most 4-year-olds are interested in new experiences and quite curious. They ask and answer the who, what, when, where, and why questions.
Preschooler’s Social & Emotional Development.
Preschoolers display more self-confidence and separate easily from their parents around four years. Four-year-olds enjoy playing together with other children and share Toys they love. They are capable of taking turns, sharing and cooperating but disagreement still happen. Anger is expressed verbally rather than physically, and children at this age can feel jealousy.
Learning The Language & Communicating
You can carry on quite a conversation with a 4-year old and he or she uses complete sentences and asks endless questions during the conversations. These conversations with a preschooler are often very dramatic and imaginative. 4-year olds have learned words are powerful, and they use words to get their points across. Don’t be surprised if some the words your young-one uses are not the ones you want to hear from your child. Try not to overreact if your child utters swear words. A 4-year old can be very bossy at times, perhaps telling you to “stop talking” or her playmates to “come here now.” Using the words “please” and “thank-you” when you’re talking to your child helps them learn politeness and positive social language.
Physical – Large and Small Muscle Development
A four-year-old needs plenty of opportunities to play & exercise. Here are some physical skills that a child of that age should be able to do: Go upstairs and downstairs without your help and run! The running is more controlled at this age, too. He can start, stop and turn when he is running. Hop on one foot and/or balance on one foot for a few seconds. Kick a ball forward. Throw a ball overhand and catch a bounced ball most of the time. A 4-year old’s small muscle or fine motor skills have developed to the point where he can: draw recognizable simple objects; copy crosses and squares; paint some letters; complete easy & simple puzzles; build a tall tower with blocks. There are several things you can do to help your 4-year old to grow and learn. Few ways you can support your child’s development are to: read aloud or tell stories, and encourage your preschooler to look at books on his own. Encourage interest in writing and words. Provide him with paper and notebooks for writing. Print letters and numerals for him to see and copy. Provide a variety of art experiences.
Help Your Child To Learn
Sort and count everything in sight like silverware, socks, rocks and leaves. Talk about things being in, on, under, behind, beside, before or after, larger than, or smaller than. Build self-esteem by praising accomplishments, and providing opportunities to experience freedom and independence. Be sure your child has lots of outdoor play. Provide a variety of props and dress up clothes to play grocery store, birthday party or firefighter. Limit TV watching; if you do watch TV, do it together so you can discuss what is happening.
Signs of Developmental Delays
Sometimes, children aren’t developing as typically expected. Here are some signs that indicate your child may not be developing as other children when she is unable to: throw a ball over hand; jump in place; grasp a crayon between her thumb and finger; scribble; stack four blocks; use sentences of more than three words. If your child, still clings or cries when you leave him; ignores other children; doesn’t respond to people outside the family; doesn’t engage in pretend play; lashes out without any self control when he is angry or upset. if you have concerns about your child’s development contact your local health care provider.